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The kapparah ceremony in Judaism
January 1, 2005
Topics: theology
Author: Jews for Jesus

There is a ceremony in Judaism known as Kapparah, in which a rooster or hen is put to death on the eve of Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, as a vicarious sacrifice for sin. Once widely observed, it is nearly obsolete in modern times. The atoning nature of the...

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The Akedah in Jewish tradition
Author: Jews for Jesus

Jewish tradition has much to say about dying so that another might have forgiveness. This page focuses on Jewish traditions about the Akedah. The Hebrew word akedah” means “binding” and refers to the well-known story in Genesis 22, in which God...

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Jewish Messianic Interpretations of Zechariah 12:10
Author: Jews for Jesus

Some say that Zechariah 12:10 refers to the Gentile nations who mourn because of the Jewish martyrs (or a particular unknown martyr) they have killed. Yet that is not the universal Jewish understanding. According to the views of some rabbis, two Messiahs would make...

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Bonheur futur de Jérusalem ayant retrouvé grâce devant Dieu (Isaïe, LXII, 1 5) by Marc Chagall

Jewish Messianic Interpretations of Isaiah 53
Author: Jews for Jesus

It’s commonly maintained that Isaiah 53 was never considered messianic by rabbis and Jewish sages. Sometimes the statement is phrased as, “Judaism teaches” that Isaiah 53 refers to the nation of Israel. The fact is that Isaiah 53 (more precisely,...

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Atonement: Questions and Answers
Author: Karol Joseph

Note: Elaine the correspondent is fictional, but Karol Joseph is real and serves on the staff of Jews for Jesus. She can be...

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In Psalm 22:16 is they pierced a Christian mistranslation?
Author: Jews for Jesus

Psalm 22:16 is one verse where the standard Jewish translations differ from the translations most Christians use. Here’s why. In Hebrew, the phrase they have pierced” is kaaru while “like a lion” is kaari. The words are identical except that...

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In Psalm 2:12, is Kiss the Son a mistranslation by the Christians?
Author: Jews for Jesus

Some claim that translating the word bar” (in Psalm 2:12) as “son” rather than as “purity” is a distortion of the Hebrew text in order to make the verse apply to Jesus. It is also claimed that this is not a Jewish interpretation of the...

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Is Psalm 2 considered messianic by the rabbis and Jewish sages?
Author: Jews for Jesus

Is Psalm 2 considered messianic by the rabbis and Jewish sages? Though some say that Psalm 2 is not considered messianic by the rabbis or Jewish sages, the Jewish messianic understanding of Psalm 2 has a long history. Some of the rabbinic sources which take a...

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Are the “Messianic Prophecies” in the Past Tense, So Not About a Future Messiah at All?
Author: Jews for Jesus

Are the “Messianic Prophecies” in the Past Tense, So Not About a Future Messiah at All? Hebrew Tenses Sometimes it is claimed that the messianic prophecies cited by Christians are in the past tense. Therefore, it is said, they cannot refer to a future, coming Messiah....

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How Jewish Was Paul?
May 4, 2000
Author: Jews for Jesus

A person is either Jewish or not Jewish, and few actually believe that Paul was not. Hyam Maccoby is virtually alone in his opinion that Paul was a gentile. 1 However, if we can speak of the extent to which one demonstrates Jewish identity as that person’s...

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Was Paul a Deceiver?
January 1, 2000
Author: Jews for Jesus

The popular myth that Paul was deceptive is expressed by writers such as Gerald Sigal, Michoel Drazin, and Beth Moshe: In his overriding desire to convert the masses to his beliefs, Paul is guided by the dubious assumption that the end justifies the means…The...

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The Trinity: Questions and Answers
Author: Karol Joseph

Note: Elaine the correspondent is fictional, but Karol Joseph is real and serves on the staff of Jews for Jesus. She can be reached by e-mail. Dear Karol, I wanted to write to you concerning an area that has been particularly troubling for me. The area has to do with...

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Paul’s Personality: Deceptive or Deferential?
Author: Jews for Jesus

Paul has been charged with deceit as he proclaimed the message of Yeshua. In 1 Corinthians 9:20-22, he wrote: To the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might win Jews; to those who are under the law, as under the law, that I might win those who are under the law; to those...

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I’m Basically a Good Person and I’m Very Happy with My Own Religion, So Why Should I Believe in Jesus?
Author: Jews for Jesus

I'm Basically a Good Person and I'm Very Happy with My Own Religion, So Why Should I Believe in Jesus? To tell you the truth, if everyone was good in God’s sight, nobody would need Jesus and we wouldn’t be spending our efforts making websites like this one. The...

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Did Jesus teach his disciples to hate their parents?
Author: Rich Robinson

Some claim that Jesus taught his followers to hate their mother and father. If true, that would obviously make Jesus an immoral and unethical teacher, since one of the Ten Commandments is to honor one’s parents. “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you,” the Torah says in Exodus 20:12.

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How can you believe in the New Testament? Isn’t it full of anti-Semitism and lies?
Author: Jews for Jesus

The New Testament–which simply means New Covenant–needs to be accepted for what it is, a Jewish book written almost entirely by Jewish people. Most of the concepts in the New Testament cannot be understood apart from their background in the Hebrew Bible....

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Blame It On Paul
Author: Jews for Jesus

First, let us consider the idea that Christianity was invented by Jesus’ followers (particularly by the Apostle Paul). Paul has been accused of intentionally distorting the teachings of Jesus in order to make Christianity more appealing to the gentiles. What...

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Jewish Resistance to the Gospel
November 20, 1997
Author: David Brickner

November 20, 1997 Paper presented to the Evangelical Missiological Society Santa Clara CA, November 20-22, 1997 Copyright © 1997 by David N. Brickner INTRODUCTION An oft told joke within the Jewish community opens with four Russian Jews on a train. It seems that each...

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An Introduction to the Names Yehoshua/Joshua, Yeshua, Jesus and Yeshu
March 23, 1992
Author: Kai KjaerHansen

An Introduction to the Names Yehoshua/Joshua, Yeshua, Jesus and Yeshu   My interest in JESUS — i.e. in the name of Jesus — dates back to 1976-78, when I lived in Jerusalem: While being a Danish pastor in Jerusalem in those years I tried to read up on...

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